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Theorem 1. Let G be a Lie group, let be a discrete subgroup, and let be a subgroup isomorphic to . Let be an H-invariant probability measure on which is ergodic with respect to H (i.e. all H-invariant sets either have full measure or zero measure). Then is homogeneous in the sense that there exists a closed connected subgroup and a closed orbit such that is L-invariant and supported on Lx.
This result is a special case of a more general theorem of Ratner, which addresses the case when H is generated by elements which act unipotently on the Lie algebra by conjugation, and when has finite volume. To prove this theorem we shall follow an argument of Einsiedler, which uses many of the same ingredients used in Ratner’s arguments but in a simplified setting (in particular, taking advantage of the fact that H is semisimple with no non-trivial compact factors). These arguments have since been extended and made quantitative by Einsiedler, Margulis, and Venkatesh.
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